Is single-child family associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors: the CASPIAN-V study.

Kelishadi, R and Qorbani, Mostafa and Rezaei, F and Motlagh, ME and Djalalinia, S and Ziaodini, H and Taheri, M and Ochi, F and Shafiee, G and Aminaei, T and Mahdavi Gorabi, A and Heshmat, R (2018) Is single-child family associated with cardio-metabolic risk factors: the CASPIAN-V study. BMC Cardiovasc Disord., 18 (1).

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BACKGROUND: In the present study, the association of the cardio-metabolic risk factors and the status of single-child family were studied in a national representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted as the fifth round of "Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and PreventIon of Adult Non- communicable disease" surveys. The students' questionnaire was derived from the World Health Organization-Global School Student Health Survey. Using survey data analysis methods, data from questionnaires'; anthropometric measures and biochemical information analyzed by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 14,274 students completed the survey (participation rate: 99%); the participation rate for blood sampling from students was 91.5%. Although in univariate logistic regression model, single child students had an increased risk of abdominal obesity [OR: 1.37; 95% CI: 1.19-1.58)], high SBP [OR: 1.58; 95% CI:1.17-2.14)], high BP [OR: 1.21; 95% CI:1.01-1.45)] and generalized obesity [OR: 1.27; 95% CI:1.06-1.52)], in multiple logistic regression model, only association of single child family with abdominal obesity remained statistically significant [OR: 1.28; 95% CI:1.1-1.50)]. Also in multivariate logistic regression model, for each increase of a child in the family the risk of abdominal obesity [OR: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.91-0.97), high SBP [OR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.81-0.95)] and generalized obesity [OR: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.91-0.99)] decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study serve as confirmatory evidence on the association of cardio-metabolic risk factors with single-child family in children and adolescents. The findings of study could be used for better health planning and more complementary research. KEYWORDS: Adolescents; Cardio-metabolic risk factors; Children; Family dimension; Single-child family

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WB Practice Of Medicine
Divisions: School of Medicine
Depositing User: mrs Maryam azmoode
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2018 09:56
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2018 09:56

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